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Learning Theories

   
 

 

 

 

 
       
       
       
 

Learning Theories

Behaviourist
aka Stimulus-Response school
Pavlov
Rote learning
traditional school
Learn by Reinforcement, repetition
encouraged by rewards
punishments
or consequences
learning by experience

Humanist
popular 60's 70's
motivation vital
need to satisfy
basic physical & emotional needs
before learning can begin

Development Psychologists
Piaget
learning thro stages
learning through environment
active process
through stages
0- 2
sensorimotor
dominated by perception
c10 months
Realise
out of sight
not ouf of existense
2-7
pre-operational
Symbolic, pre-logical
Language capabilities
beginnings of reaoning
7 - 11
Operational
logical-concrete
reasoning still
dominated by personal experience
11 onwards
Mature Thought
formal operational
ready for abstract concepts
understand
premises
conclusions
and process between
Social Cognition
Robert Selman
1. Age 3 - 6
Egocentric Perspective
own ideas and viewpoint
2. Age 3 - 9
Subjective perspective
Aware of other perspective
but no depth to it
3. Age 7 - 12
Self-reflecting thinking perspective
can understand other perspectives
4. Age 10 - 15
Mutual perspective
Can generalise concepts to wider social system
5. Age 16 plus
In-depth and societal perspective
Coordination of perspectives
into Societal view

Socio-cultural
Vygotsky and Bruner
importance of social interaction
importance of language and instruction

Constructivist
George Hein
exhibitions
ways for learners
use both hands and minds
to interact
to manipulate
to reach conclusions
experiment
increase their understanding
individuals
construct meaning
as they go
no meaning independent of our understanding
experiments crucial for constructivists

Experiential learning
Kolb andMcCarthy
people have differ learning styles
Sensing Feeling
Watching
Doing
Thinking
4 Axis/Modes
Sensing/feeling & doing
dynamic
thinking & doing
commonsense problem solving
sensing/feeling & watching
imaginative
thinking & watching
analytical

3 domains of learning
Cognitive
Thinking
Understanding
affective
emotional
feelings
motor
actions
skills
Physical tasks

Multiple Intelligences
Howard Gardner
Need different strategies for different intelligences
Linguistic
logical-mathmatical
spatial
musical
bodily-kinaesthetic
intra-personal


   
 
   

Lecture by Kevin Flude - prepared for 'Creative Practice in Narrative Environments'

MA course at Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design & developed for University College Worcester

Email the Author.Template Last Updated on 23 March 2006Cultural Heritage Resouces